The European Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (AMIF) is a financial instrument created by the European Commission. AMIF aims towards more efficient management of migration flows. AMIF also wants to enhance and develop a common European approach to asylum, migration and integration.
There are four main objectives:
- Asylum: to strengthen and develop all aspects of the Common European Asylum System;
- Legal migration and integration: supporting legal migration to EU countries in line with the needs of the labour market, as well as promoting the effective integration of non-EU nationals;
- Return: enhancing fair and effective return strategies. These will contribute to combating irregular migration, with an emphasis on sustainability and effectiveness of the return process;
- Solidarity: making sure the EU countries which are most affected by migration and asylum flows can count on solidarity from other EU countries.
In contribution to the second objective ‘Legal migration and integration’, Solentra offers professional support for the OCMW (Public Centres for Social Welfare) employees to make sure they are in a position to:
- Act as a bridge to understand the new environment (cultural sensitive work);
- Approach strengths (resilience);
- Recognise considerable psychological issues in officially recognised refugees. These psychological issues impede the integration process due to the absence of resilience (assuming it has been approached);
- Refer the refugee at the right time to the right person.
This promotion of expertise consists of three courses: basic training module 1, specialised training module 2 and peer review module 3.
1. Basic training module 1
- Consists of ten courses spread out over two days per province;
- The aim of the basic training is to familiarise oneself with trauma, grief, migration and acculturation-related psychosocial problems. Other topics like how to detect these problems early, as well as distinguish them from one another, when to refer the client, and the role of an OCMW employee in psychosocial support (addressing resilience, cultural sensitive work and early detection of the trauma) will also be discussed;
- The basic training focusses on enhancing the psychosocial process related to migration, acculturation and flee (trauma).
2. Specialized training module 2
- Consists of five topics based on a cultural sensitive approach. This will be studied during two sessions consisting of four hours per province (on the condition the basic training module 1 has been completed successfully);
- The aim of the specialized training is to dive deeper into the topics from the basic training module;
- The content of the courses is determined by demand. Therefore, the focus may be different in each province. Topics that may come up include Afghan culture, the dynamics of family reunification, self-harm, addiction, torture and tools to encourage resilience;
- Acquired knowledge will be gained, as well as skills related to cultural sensitive psychosocial support of newcomers.
3. Peer review module 3
- Consists of three sessions of three peer reviews per province. These will take place every eight weeks and will last for half a day;
- A maximum of 10 people per group is allowed;
- During a peer review, a senior psychologist will give advice and support on a case-by-case basis;
- The participant will acquire skills and start the initial stage of changing attitudes.
The aim of the professional support service is to make the psychosocial support provided by the OCMW’s to refugees more efficient. This is done by the sustainable transfer of knowledge and tools taken from specific case examples. These examples have a particular focus on the early detection of trauma or other psychological problems.